BCM332: Case Study 3

Who can stop Hong Kong Social division

 

Few years ago, a huge social movement happened in Hong Kong. In order to overthrow the high restrictive Hong Kong electoral reform published by Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPCSC), and fight for the democracy and freedom of Hong Kong people, many Hong Kong citizens occupy the main road and city center. After police used tear gas and baton to attacks protesters, the name of “umbrella revolution” became widespread in all type of media platform all around the world. [1][2][3]456248148.jpg

 

The “umbrella revolution” have reshaped Hong Kong, and turned Hong Kong in two parts. One side of people in favor of the police and the government, no matter how they handle this movement, people usually call them “Blue ribbon”(藍絲) in social media. During the “umbrella revolution” lot of the news and videos all about police misuse of power, lynching and selective law enforcement. [4][5][6][7][8] From the video of a former superintendent Franklin Chu [4][9], no doubt that Franklin Chu did attack a Mr. Cheng’s head with baton, but those “Blue ribbon” (藍絲) are still support Franklin Chu and think he did nothing wrong [10] and ignore the true from television news or other traditional media. In other case, the beating of Ken Tsang case[8]. Some part of the video have been deleted because of TVB news director Keith Yuen order [11][12].e89ea2e5b995e5bfabe785a7-2018-06-01-03-32-31.png Fortunately, the original video have already uploaded and shared many times at social media[8]. The original video, showed seven policeman were beating Ken Tsang, but same as Franklin Chu case those “Blue ribbon” (藍絲) believe the polices are doing their job and say something mean to the protesters of “umbrella revolution” through news interviews and social media [13][14].

The opposite side are those people who support the movement, and hope one day Hong Kong people will have their own democracy and freedom, and the main reason people call them “Yellow ribbon” (黃絲) is because most of them changed their social media user icon to yellow ribbon picture. Although they are fighting for Hong Kong people democracy and freedom, but during the “umbrella revolution” there have many news and reports about they destroyed the economy of Hong Kong and other people daily life [15][16][17]. No doubt, the movement have destroyed Hong Kong economy, and most of the “Yellow ribbon” (黃絲) are not really care about this problem.

na3lv3uFacebook and other social media became platforms for two parties express their opinions, but quickly it become platforms to insult each side [18]. Then people started to “unfriend” those “friends” that have other opinions at social media [19][20], badly this atmosphere spread to reality and every type of media, created the phenomenon of social division. The worse is “umbrella revolution” wasn’t ended of peace, instead the movement ended under violently. That increased the hostility between each side. Furthermore, the content of news has become polarized after “umbrella revolution”. One side like to ballyhoo negative information of police and government[21][22], and other side like to promote the idea of “umbrella revolution” anda0101a those protesters are bad by hype the news of how court proceedings arrested protesters in the movement [23][24].2018-06-01 14.23.56

 

 

No doubt, “umbrella revolution” have reshaped Hong Kong society and some issue about why Social division is happening in Hong Kong. Traditional media have subjective news report, social media users attack each other with offensive message, and Hong Kong government bad handling with social division and the reason of its, social division is keep expanding in Hong Kong.

螢幕快照 2018-06-24 14.47.21.png

After “umbrella revolution”, social division have appear in most of the social events, especially when it is about political issues. Edward Leung Tin-kei has been convicted of rioting[25]  is the most discussed political issues in recent few weeks. Edward Leung Tin-kei is only 27 years old young adult, but he is already become a Hong Kong localist(本土派) politicians, also he is the former prolocutor of Hong Kong Indigenous. In 2016 several huge social issues occurred around him, although he didn’t win the campaign in New Territories East by-election, but he received more than 15% of the votes[26], the result show a lot of Hong Kong citizens supported localist party groups(本土派) and their ideas. Later, he have been disqualified in Hong Kong Legislative Council election because of supporting Hong Kong independence movement[27], many of people leave comments and support him in social media immediately[28], however some traditional media editorial believe Hong Kong government did the right call, stopped Hong Kong independence spirit grow inside the government[29].

Although, the above two cases are also very huge and important issues, but during the Mong Kok civil unrest Edward Leung Tin-kei took a very important role, and this civil unrest and the result have once again intensified Hong Kong social division. The Mong Kok civil unrest also call “fishball revolution”[30], its happened at 8th Feb, 2016 during Chinese new year holidays. The reason some people call it “fishball revolution” is because the trigger point of this riot was Hong Kong government try to take down unlicensed street food hawkers. In Chinese new year, many people like to go to Mong Kok and buy street food for supper, it’s kind of a Hong Kong local culture. Protesters believe government take down those unlicensed street hawkers is the action of suppressing localism[31], eventually conflict happened between protesters and polices. Edward Leung Tin-kei was the leading role of protesters side, after Mong Kok civil unrest polices arrested he and accused rioting and assaulting police[32]. On 11th Jun 2018, Edward Leung Tin-kei was sentenced to 6 years in jail for rioting, many people and foreign newspapers think the sentence is too heavy[33], the discussion and complain about this case is everywhere in social media[34]. However, major local news media seem a bit pro-government side[35][36], and some people leave negative comment on social media, think Edward Leung Tin-kei deserve this sentence.

After “umbrella revolution”, Hong Kong government are keep decrease people freedom in different way, by controlling major news media, by barring people from election, by using Judiciary and law enforcement agencies to impeach council member and arrest people who stand for different political… Fiona Bruce MP, the Chair of the Conservative Party Human Rights Commission, said: “one in three pro-democracy legislators and more than one hundred protestors have been prosecuted by the government since the Umbrella Movement of 2014.” It’s understandable why there are many Hong Kong people didn’t trust the government.

To sum up, the reason that social division happening in Hong Kong are not start or created by media, but undoubtedly traditional media and social media have speed up the process and expand the scale. Traditional media like news and social media have amplified each case and shared the information to everyone, social media also created a platform for everyone to publish their voices. However I am very sure untrustworthy government caused social division happen, there for government should bear the greatest responsibility of social division happen, government is the one watching the whole division happen and expand, and social division will keep expanding when each time government try to decrease our freedom. Maybe government can control major news media, and traditional media will lost the power of monitor government and speak for public, but social media took the role and created a new platform for us and internet media. I am sure, nobody in Hong Kong want social division keep expanding forever, but also no one have ability to solve this issue, the only we and a dependable government can improve the situation in right way.

 


References:

[1] Antonia Molloy, 29 September 2014, Hong Kong protests in pictures: The ‘Umbrella Revolution’, Retrieved from :https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/hong-kong-protests-in-pictures-the-umbrella-revolution-9761617.html

[2] Adam Connors, 23 Feb 2018, Hong Kong’s umbrella movement: A timeline of key events one year on, Retrieved from :
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-09-28/timeline-hong-kong-umbrella-movement-one-year-on/6802388

[3]Homantn, 28 SEP 2018, The Umbrella Revolution in Hong Kong (Sept 28, 2014), Retrieved from :
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GTuF7wbSEp8

[4]apple daily, 29 NOV 2014, 中棍男報案指控警方用不當武力襲擊, Retrieved from :
https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/realtime/article/20141129/53179075

[5]apple daily, 27 NOV 2014, 郭榮鏗:暗角7警被捕罪輕 不合理,Retrieved from :
https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/realtime/article/20141127/53171558

[6]amnesty, 03 OCT 2014, Hong Kong: Women and girls attacked as police fail to protect peaceful protesters, Retrieved from :
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2014/10/hong-kong-women-and-girls-attacked-police-fail-protect-peaceful-protesters/

[7]Sophie Richardson, 05 OCT 2014, Human Rights Watch Letter to Chief Executive Leung on Hong Kong Protests, Retrieved from :
https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/10/05/human-rights-watch-letter-chief-executive-leung-hong-kong-protests

[8]HK01, 七警案罪成全記錄 法官解釋入罪理由、判刑根據, Retrieved from :
https://www.hk01.com/issue/200/%E5%B0%88%E9%A0%81-%E4%B8%83%E8%AD%A6%E6%A1%88%E7%BD%AA%E6%88%90%E5%85%A8%E8%A8%98%E9%8C%84-%E6%B3%95%E5%AE%98%E8%A7%A3%E9%87%8B%E5%85%A5%E7%BD%AA%E7%90%86%E7%94%B1-%E5%88%A4%E5%88%91%E6%A0%B9%E6%93%9A

[9]SCMP. 07 NOV 2017, Hong Kong man denies exaggerating injuries after Occupy altercation over earlier police attack, Retrieved from :
http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/law-crime/article/2118814/hong-kong-man-denies-exaggerating-injuries-after-occupy

[10] wenweipo, 26, JUL 2015, 「正義」撐朱經緯驅「佔」 促監警會重新討論, Retrieved from :
http://paper.wenweipo.com/2015/07/26/HK1507260035.htm

[11]ejinsight.com, 14 NOV 2014, TVB punishes staff after anti-censorship petition: report, Retrieved from :
http://www.ejinsight.com/20141114-tvb-punishes-some-staff-after-anti-censorship-petition/

[12]apple daily, 14 FEB 2017, 【7警裁決】TVB曾刪「拳打腳踢」旁述 袁志偉斥下屬:係警察心裏條蟲, Retrieved from :
https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/realtime/article/20170214/56302639

[13] 廖潔然,【七警案】警隊fb讚萬人集會團結, Retrieved from : https://www.hk01.com/%E7%A4%BE%E6%9C%83%E6%96%B0%E8%81%9E/73785/%E4%B8%83%E8%AD%A6%E6%A1%88-%E8%AD%A6%E9%9A%8Afb%E8%AE%9A%E8%90%AC%E4%BA%BA%E9%9B%86%E6%9C%83-%E5%9C%98%E7%B5%90

[14]Facebook Hong Kong Police Force, Retrieved from : https://www.facebook.com/HongKongPoliceForce/photos/a.964784386942859.1073741828.960526577368640/1359062840848343/?type=3&theater

[15]apple daily, 22 OCT 2014, 【雨傘革命】冠忠:佔中至今損失逾300萬, Retrieved from :
https://hk.finance.appledaily.com/finance/realtime/article/20141022/53048448

[16]Orientaldaily, 01 OCT 2014, 「佔中經濟損失400億」, Retrieved from :
http://orientaldaily.on.cc/cnt/news/20141001/00176_017.html

[17]袁海文, 05 NOV 2014, 與雷鼎鳴教授商榷佔中損失11000億, Retrieved from :
https://www.inmediahk.net/node/1028208

[18]Kwan Chi Hang, 30 NOV 2014, 遭藍絲帶朋友篤灰 撐佔領者回鄉證失效, Retrieved from :
http://www.passiontimes.hk/article/11-30-2014/19855

[19]紀曉風, 06 OCT 2014, 佔中引發「unfriend潮」 政見分歧寧避談, Retrieved from :
http://forum.hkej.com/node/117223

[20]Topick, 12 FEB 2016, 另一Unfriend潮? 教我fb設定邊個朋友「睇唔到」, Retrieved from : https://topick.hket.com/article/1363787/%E5%8F%A6%E4%B8%80Unfriend%E6%BD%AE%EF%BC%9F%20%E6%95%99%E6%88%91fb%E8%A8%AD%E5%AE%9A%E9%82%8A%E5%80%8B%E6%9C%8B%E5%8F%8B%E3%80%8C%E7%9D%87%E5%94%94%E5%88%B0%E3%80%8D

[21]HK01, 特首涉濫權 幼女行李繞安檢入機場禁區掀風波, Retrieved from : https://www.hk01.com/issue/94/%E7%89%B9%E9%A6%96%E6%B6%89%E6%BF%AB%E6%AC%8A-%E5%B9%BC%E5%A5%B3%E8%A1%8C%E6%9D%8E%E7%B9%9E%E5%AE%89%E6%AA%A2%E5%85%A5%E6%A9%9F%E5%A0%B4%E7%A6%81%E5%8D%80%E6%8E%80%E9%A2%A8%E6%B3%A2

[22]Apple daily, 26, JAN 2017 夥兩下屬包庇黑幫夜總會 涉收賄免費嫖妓 反黑警司被捕, Retrieved from :
https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/daily/article/20170126/19909403

[23]wenweipo, 21 DEC 2016, 譴責恐嚇法官 清算反對派孽債, Retrieved from :
http://pdf.wenweipo.com/2016/12/21/a03-1221.pdf

[24]Topick, 17 MAR 2017, 旺角暴亂3人暴動罪成各判監3年 兩學生成階下囚, Retrieved from : https://topick.hket.com/article/1711582/%E6%97%BA%E8%A7%92%E6%9A%B4%E4%BA%823%E4%BA%BA%E6%9A%B4%E5%8B%95%E7%BD%AA%E6%88%90%E5%90%84%E5%88%A4%E7%9B%A33%E5%B9%B4%E3%80%80%E5%85%A9%E5%AD%B8%E7%94%9F%E6%88%90%E9%9A%8E%E4%B8%8B%E5%9B%9A

[26] Ben Westcott and Divya Gopalan, CNN, 11 JUN, 2018, Hong Kong independence activist Edward Leung jailed for six years, Retrieved from: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/06/11/asia/edward-leung-hong-kong-jailed-intl/index.html

[27] 【新東補選】得票達6.6萬 梁天琦:香港政治環境三分天下, 29 FEB, 2016, Retrieved from: https://www.inmediahk.net/node/1040955

[28] 確認書覆核 官拒緊急聆訊 梁天琦:點解被選權可隨意剝削, 28 JUL, 2017, Retrieved from: https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/daily/article/20160728/19713182

[29] 本土民主前線 facebook, 02 AUG, 2016, 【本土民主前線就梁天琦被拒參選之聲明】, Retrieved from: https://www.facebook.com/hkindigenous/posts/1754538188133419:0

[30] 大公網, 03 AUG, 2016, 社評:被拒參選 梁天琦「港獨」醜態畢現, Retrieved from: http://www.takungpao.com.hk/opinion/text/2016/0803/13700.html

[31] VICE News, 09 FEB, 2016, ‘Fishball Revolution’ Creates Chaos on Hong Kong Streets During Lunar New Year Fest, Retrieved from: https://news.vice.com/article/fishball-revolution-creates-chaos-on-hong-kong-streets-during-lunar-new-year-fest

[32] 蔡曉穎, 10 FEB, 2016, 觀察:香港旺角衝突為何因小販糾紛而起?, Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/china/2016/02/160210_hk_riot_vendors

[33] 東方日報, 12 JUN, 2016, 旺角暴動 官斥參與者咎由自取, Retrieved from: http://hk.on.cc/hk/bkn/cnt/news/20180612/bkn-20180612033031128-0612_00822_001.html

[34] Gregory Wilpert, 21 JUN, 2018, China Intensifies Efforts to Crush the Hong Kong Independence Movement, Retrieved from: https://therealnews.com/stories/china-intensifies-efforts-to-crush-the-hong-kong-independence-movement

[35] Twitter, (n.d.), #EdwardLeung, Retrieved from: https://twitter.com/hashtag/EdwardLeung?src=hash

[36] 暴動罪成梁天琦囚六年 盧建民監禁七年律師指將上訴, 11 JUN, 2018, Retrieved from: http://news.tvb.com/local/5b1e01e5e60383942807b109

[37] 梁天琦暴動囚6年 盧建民7年 同罪歷來最重判 官拒納政治背景求情, 12 JUN, 2018, Retrieved from:  https://news.mingpao.com/pns/dailynews/web_tc/article/20180612/s00001/1528740992055

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BCM240: Blog Design and Strategy

Before I became a BCMS (Bachelor of Communication and Media Studies) students. I was a creative media student in my associate degree and I also learned how to design in my high school. There for I have experience and skills in design and edit things. Although in BCMS(Bachelor of Communication and Media Studies) don’t have any design subject, but there are many chance for me to practice and use those skills. I can make some short videos, take some photos, and the most amusing things is create and design my own blog using WordPress.

 

I created my WordPress website in September 2017, since the first subject WordPress has already became a very important tools, at first I just simply choose a template for the blog design. The template was quite clean, the main color was black and white, maybe it’s was very simple, but look good. However, when I started to post more and more blogs on WordPress and those blogs were came from different subject, my WordPress website looks very messy and unorganized. After I found out this problem, I realized using other people template is not a way to present my own blog. I want my blog can impress others, and I can feel confident to show this blog to everyone. So, I decide to create my own blog design again, not using other’s template, start designing it from beginning. WordPress have a very convenience tools for user to customize and modify their website. Thanks for this tools I can finish my blog design very fast and easy.

 

No matter designing a website or a blog the layout are very important, it’s can’t be very complicated and it’s good to keep it clean, also I prefer minimalist to be my blog design style. I always hated those website have too many pictures, texts, links and other things in one page, when I studied in design my teacher always remind us “Less is more”, otherwise it will be “information overload”. To avoid “information overload” and keep minimalist to be my blog style, I only use one background color and two colors for the text in my blog. I used a bit blue lily white to be the background color and in headings I used torch red color, red and blue are complementary colors. The reason I use complementary colors is because when I using the black and white template, I found out using complementary colors can create striking color conflict, it can attract more attention when using it on headings, and red is my favorite color, so I deiced to use very light blue to be the background color. About the text color of the content, black was my original plan, but after I tried to read a long blog in black color, I feel very tired. I think the reason is black is a very hard color, although it might help you focus, but when we try to read something long, it will easy to feel boring and tired. To improve this problem and make my blog more relax, I change the text color to a color name river bed, river bed is a very dark green color, the color green can make people feel relax and comfort, it also perfectly match my background color. For font, in headings I used Montserrat font and in content I used Karla font. This two font are also a sans-serif font. Sans-serif fonts are more intimate and modern than serif fonts, also sans-serif fonts have relatively similar style with minimalist style. I chose Montserrat font in headings, is because Montserrat font is broader and thicker than Karla font, it will be more attractive, so I think Montserrat font more suitable to be the headings font. For audiences to have more comfortable reading experience and can see the words clearly, I set the line spacing broader. Besides, I try to make my blog to be more user friendly. I added a categories on top of my blog which diverted by BCMS(Bachelor of Communication and Media Studies) subjects code. Also when audiences click in any of my blog posts, they can see a sidebar in the right side, that bar show the categories, the recent posts, and audiences can search for any key words by using the searching bar, also if the audiences are not familiar with English, they can use the translate function at the end in the sidebar.

 

After I reset and redesign the function and layout of my blog, I found out one thing is missing, the site icon. I spent some times to draw some sketches, I used the headings color and background in the logo, the logo show my nickname “LIC” and if looks more details, you can find there are some points behind each letter, the points are represent the “points”, ideas or information I leave in this blog. Finally, I named my blog “LiC’S Stuff” and added my favorite quote below it, the quote is ” Cogito Ergo Sum”. “Cogito, ergo sum” is a Latin philosophy quotation, and in English mean “I think, therefor I am”. I want to remind my audiences that the important about the power of think.

 

For the strategy to promote my blog, I would post the blog posts links to social media such as Twitter and Facebook, I hope this could attract my social media follower and they might share my blog post links to their friends. Also, I will reply every comments I received from others. Finally, I will keep update my blog in the future. After I graduate form BCMS (Bachelor of Communication and Media Studies), I will organize the categories in different way, like daily life, movie blog, travel diaries…. I hope my blog will have more and more follower in the future.

BCM240 Blog 7+8: Project Proposal- “Real book or E-book?”

As “Media, Audience, Place” is the name of this subject, I decided the research project must connect with those three core elements and find the most representative media to be the topic of this research project. I am sure many people including myself, when talking about media, audience and place the first thing come up to their mind will be somethings related to television, so my first idea was something about television and their audiences. After I share my idea in the consultation and with my classmate, I found out many of them also choose television related topics and their ideas are much better than me. As a result of, I am a good student and I don’t want to make the professor so bored, I decide to do something different. “Real book or E-book?” become the final topic for my research project, let me explain why I choose a topic related to books.

books sculpture write reading
@ Photo by Negative Space on Pexels.com

Although nowadays television, internet, telephone, radio and other new kind of media invention are much more popular then books, but since human history began, books have been the greatest media for thousands of years. It’s one of the very first media in the world, and our ancestors learned other community culture from books came thousands mile away. No doubt, books is one of the most representative media and the relationship between human and books seems can’t be separate. However in recent years people books reading habit are changing because of eBooks apps and devices like Kindle.[1] I am very worry about the old read culture will disappear one day, if more and more people are going to us those apps and devices to read.

Hong Kong is well known as having good education and technology, most of the Hong Kong’s people have high education and familiar with using computer, smartphone and other high-tech products. As I know, reading is many Hong Kong’s people habit, and because most of the Hong Kong’s people know how to use a eBooks apps or devices. I think Hong Kong is the really good place to conduct this research project. Through this research project, I like to find out why and how people reading habit changed from the past, is that reading in eBooks apps and devices really a trend, what would be the reason that people like to using eBooks. And I am also curious in other angle, it’s very interesting to find out the reason of those people still like to buy a real book from a book shop.

person holding amazon kindle ebook
@ Photo by özgür uzun on Pexels.com

The methodology that I am going to use in the project will be traditional ethnography and I might also use digital ethnography to improve the research data. For the method to collect traditional ethnography data, I will conduct few interviews, with two side of people, one are eBooks users, and other are real book reader. During the interviews, I would like to ask them some questions about their ideas and opinions, also I will them a real book or eBook and recording video to see their reaction while reading. In the interviews, I will focus these few key questions :

  • What’s the reason they like to watch a real book or eBook, and why not read the other once?
  • Except for the book content, are there any motivation for buying a book or eBook?
  • Is reading in eBooks apps and devices really is the trend in future?

And for method to collect digital ethnography, I will look for those “Kindle” and eBooks related video in YouTube and look for the pros and cons side of this topic, and analyze with the data I collect in the interviews.

Finally, I would like to present this research project in a short video storytelling. The video would be about 5 minutes long, and inside the video will have interviews clips and some YouTube video clips, I will also do a sound recording or insert animated text for better result. Furthermore, I would also writing a blog for the conclusion of this project.

 

 


References:

[1] http://www.wischenbart.com/upload/1234000000358_04042014_final.pdf

BCM332: Case Study 2

Social division in Hong Kong is expanding?

 

In previous case study, I have discoed about how “umbrella revolution” reshaped Hong Kong society and some issue about why Social division is happening in Hong Kong. Traditional media have subjective news report, social media users attack each other with offensive message, and Hong Kong government bad handling with social division and the reason of its, social division is keep expanding in Hong Kong.

 

螢幕快照 2018-06-24 14.47.21.png
@https://www.facebook.com/hkindigenous/posts/1754538188133419:0

After “umbrella revolution”, social division have appear in most of the social events, especially when it is about political issues. Edward Leung Tin-kei has been convicted of rioting[1] is the most discussed political issues in recent few weeks. Edward Leung Tin-kei is only 27 years old young adult, but he is already become a Hong Kong localist(本土派) politicians, also he is the former prolocutor of Hong Kong Indigenous. In 2016 several huge social issues occurred around him, although he didn’t win the campaign in New Territories East by-election, but he received more than 15% of the votes[2], the result show a lot of Hong Kong citizens supported localist party groups(本土派) and their ideas. Later, he have been disqualified in Hong Kong Legislative Council election because of supporting Hong Kong independence movement[3], many of people leave comments and support him in social media immediately[4], however some traditional media editorial believe Hong Kong government did the right call, stopped Hong Kong independence spirit grow inside the government[5].

 

Although, the above two cases are also very huge and important issues, but during the Mong Kok civil unrest Edward Leung Tin-kei took a very important role, and this civil unrest and the result have once again intensified Hong Kong social division. The Mong Kok civil unrest also call “fishball revolution”[6], its happened at 8th Feb, 2016 during Chinese new year holidays. The reason some people call it “fishball revolution” is because the trigger point of this riot was Hong Kong government try to take down unlicensed street food hawkers. In Chinese new year, many people like to go to Mong Kok and buy street food for supper, it’s kind of a Hong Kong local culture. Protesters believe government take down those unlicensed street hawkers is the action of suppressing localism[7], eventually conflict happened between protesters and polices. Edward Leung Tin-kei was the leading role of protesters side, after Mong Kok civil unrest polices arrested he and accused rioting and assaulting police[8]. On 11th Jun 2018, Edward Leung Tin-kei was sentenced to 6 years in jail for rioting, many people and foreign newspapers think the sentence is too heavy[9], the discussion and complain about this case is everywhere in social media[10]. However, major local news media seem a bit pro-government side[11][12], and some people leave negative comment on social media, think Edward Leung Tin-kei deserve this sentence.

 

After “umbrella revolution”, Hong Kong government are keep decrease people freedom in different way, by controlling major news media, by barring people from election, by using Judiciary and law enforcement agencies to impeach council member and arrest people who stand for different political… Fiona Bruce MP, the Chair of the Conservative Party Human Rights Commission, said: “one in three pro-democracy legislators and more than one hundred protestors have been prosecuted by the government since the Umbrella Movement of 2014.” It’s understandable why there are many Hong Kong people didn’t trust the government. I am very sure untrustworthy government caused social division happen, and social division will keep expanding when each time government try to decrease our freedom. Maybe government can control major news media, and traditional media will lost the power of monitor government and speak for public, but social media took the role and created a new platform for us and internet media. For sure, nobody in Hong Kong want social division keep expanding forever, but also no one have ability to solve this issue, only we and a dependable government can improve the situation.

 


References:

[1] Ben Westcott and Divya Gopalan, CNN, 11 JUN, 2018, Hong Kong independence activist Edward Leung jailed for six years, Retrieved from: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/06/11/asia/edward-leung-hong-kong-jailed-intl/index.html

[2] 【新東補選】得票達6.6萬 梁天琦:香港政治環境三分天下, 29 FEB, 2016, Retrieved from: https://www.inmediahk.net/node/1040955

[3] 確認書覆核 官拒緊急聆訊 梁天琦:點解被選權可隨意剝削, 28 JUL, 2017, Retrieved from: https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/daily/article/20160728/19713182

[4] 本土民主前線 facebook, 02 AUG, 2016, 【本土民主前線就梁天琦被拒參選之聲明】, Retrieved from: https://www.facebook.com/hkindigenous/posts/1754538188133419:0

[5] 大公網, 03 AUG, 2016, 社評:被拒參選 梁天琦「港獨」醜態畢現, Retrieved from: http://www.takungpao.com.hk/opinion/text/2016/0803/13700.html

[6] VICE News, 09 FEB, 2016, ‘Fishball Revolution’ Creates Chaos on Hong Kong Streets During Lunar New Year Fest, Retrieved from: https://news.vice.com/article/fishball-revolution-creates-chaos-on-hong-kong-streets-during-lunar-new-year-fest

[7] 蔡曉穎, 10 FEB, 2016, 觀察:香港旺角衝突為何因小販糾紛而起?, Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/china/2016/02/160210_hk_riot_vendors

[8] 東方日報, 12 JUN, 2016, 旺角暴動 官斥參與者咎由自取, Retrieved from: http://hk.on.cc/hk/bkn/cnt/news/20180612/bkn-20180612033031128-0612_00822_001.html

[9] Gregory Wilpert, 21 JUN, 2018, China Intensifies Efforts to Crush the Hong Kong Independence Movement, Retrieved from: https://therealnews.com/stories/china-intensifies-efforts-to-crush-the-hong-kong-independence-movement

[10] Twitter, (n.d.), #EdwardLeung, Retrieved from: https://twitter.com/hashtag/EdwardLeung?src=hash

[11] 暴動罪成梁天琦囚六年 盧建民監禁七年律師指將上訴, 11 JUN, 2018, Retrieved from: http://news.tvb.com/local/5b1e01e5e60383942807b109

[12] 梁天琦暴動囚6年 盧建民7年 同罪歷來最重判 官拒納政治背景求情, 12 JUN, 2018, Retrieved from:  https://news.mingpao.com/pns/dailynews/web_tc/article/20180612/s00001/1528740992055

BCM310: Yes, You are a Speciesism!!

On 1st July 2015, an America hunter (Walter Palmer) killed a lion call Cecil in Zimbabwe. The killing resulted international media attention, a lot of people were shock and had strong negative response to Walter Palmer, until he finally apology.[1] But what is the different between hunting a lion and hunting a rabbit, or killing a cow, or a chicken, or a dog? Why people will have special feeling with certain animals, like dogs, cats and other cute animals?

 

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@The Daily Omnivore

You probable are feeling relieved because you feel sorry for those cutie animals were kill by human, and that mean you are not a speciesism. But, really? Most of us don’t feel anything of using animals skins, eating their meat and drinking their milk. Also scientists are always use animals to do experimenters, and those experiments are almost always hurts them badly. Rabbits often use for testing cosmetics, dripping the simples into their eyes and check for the adverse effect.[2] In addition, in factory farming animals are living in a very bad environment, pigs, cows, chickens are housing in a crowding cages[3], buffalos are standing on their excreta, their wounds have no one care, and when they are no longer producing enough milk, they will be killed[4]. Here are only a few examples of things that humans doing to animals, and many people think nothing of doing it, or using those products, and even eating them.

 

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@Emaze

Many people might argue for the reason we killing animals, or use them for experimenters is the argument of need. Most of us are justify those behavior we did to animals is because we need to food to survive, or we need to inventing new medicine to cure more people. However, we know humans can live very well without eating animals, also now days most people eating animals is not about need anymore, more importantly is about taste, convenience and the traditional that we always been. No doubt, humans have very long history in dominating animals, it already become part of our culture, and many people work are based on animals. But things have done for long time don’t mean it’s right, not long ago Americans thought it was alright for white people to own people have other skin color, and many people agree with slavery. And today, when we look back the behavior of our ancestors, we feel shame and awful. Maybe one day our descendants might also feel shame and awful because what we did to animals in these days.

quote-one-day-the-absurdity-of-the-almost-universal-human-belief-in-the-slavery-of-other-animals-martin-luther-king-49-90-79
@AZ Quotes

Maybe you are still thinking, why should I care that am I a speciesism? Many people like to eating meat, and feel nothing of it, why should I care?

As I said in the title, we are all speciesism, no matter you are a vegan, or a meat eating people, or a scientist, or a farmer. The reason is because we are unable to understand what are animals thinking, so the only way we can do is speak for themselves and hope that is what the animals think and want to do. “We have to speak up on behalf of those who cannot speak for themselves.” ― Peter Singer, Animal Liberation

Again, this is the exact same way that slave owners justify their domination. Although, we don’t know what are animals thinking and what they want to do, but humans and animals are sharing a same interest. The interest of avoiding suffer and pain. “All the arguments to prove man’s superiority cannot shatter this hard fact: in suffering the animals are our equals.” ― Peter Singer

So, I think the most important thing of us to solve isn’t how to not becoming a speciesism, but how can we use our power to create a better environment for all kind of animals, and stop all the action that will make animals suffer. I can understand many people like to eat meat, but why do we necessary to kill an animal to get the meat? Every creature will eventually come to the end of their life, can we just take the meat from those animals? Do you think you are a speciesism? And what do you think human have responsibility to create a better environment for other species? Feel free to leave a comment below and share some idea with me.

 

 


References:

[1]By Paul Walsh Star Tribune, 09 SEP, 2015, Walter Palmer speaks: Hunter who killed lion will resume Bloomington dental practice, Retrieved from: http://www.startribune.com/walter-palmer-speaks-hunter-who-killed-lion-will-resume-dental-practice-tuesday/325185401/

[2] Peta.org, Rabbits in Laboratories,Retrieved from: https://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation/rabbits-laboratories/

[3] FOOD FOR THOUGHT, 04 Dec 2014, 9 Facts About Factory Farming That Will Break Your Heart (GRAPHIC PHOTOS), Retrieved from: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/17/factory-farming-facts_n_4063892.html

[4] TOM RAWSTORNE FOR THE DAILY MAIL, 12 SEP 2014, Exposed: The cruel farms across Italy where buffaloes are subjected to appalling treatment, Retrieved from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2754065/Exposed-The-cruel-farms-Italy-buffaloes-subjected-appalling-treatment-ll-mozzarella-life.html

BCM240 Blog 6: No one in the MTR?

Few days ago, when I took MTR from Tsim Sha Tsui to home after dinner with friends, I thought I was very lucky, because the train was not crowed with people, and there were few empty seats, also those empty seats wasn’t the priority seats. So, after confirmed no elderly people were standing nearby, I pick an empty seat ,sit down and started to use my smartphone to watch live game play video from YouTube. The game play video was live streaming from a very big game expo in Los Angeles. I was very focus on video, until few minutes later I received a SMS from my telephone company, the SMS said I was run out of mobile data and next second the video was stop because no internet services.

Suddenly, I got nothings to do anymore, than I started to look around. After observing few minutes of those people around me, I found out an really interesting things.

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I realize many people was using their smartphone, some of them were watching videos, some were reading books or checking social media apps, some were playing games and listening to music. They were all very focus on their smartphone, even some of them had friend or family standing next to her.

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After the train passed Prince Edward and Kowloon Tong, the train become crowed and I gave my seat to an old lady. Although most people were using their smartphone on train, but the old lady didn’t use it, also I think there were 10% of people didn’t use the smartphone, and all of them are elderly people.

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Although there were many people inside this train, but at the same time only few people were actually in this train, because the rest of them were in their personal space. With smartphone and headphone we can enter our personal space no matter where we are, even in the public spaces like a train or a bus or in a park.

BCM240 Blog 5: Why Cinema?

My parents like going to cinema and watch a film once or twice a month, sometimes they have already decide which film they want to watch, and sometimes they haven’t. But whether have or haven’t decide the film they are going to watch, they will actually go to the cinema, look for the actual time board, then decide which session is more convenience for them, after lining up in a very long line, finally they get their film tickets. This whole process usually take about 30 minutes, but for me waiting them or watching them to buy the film tickets, feel like longer than a days.

Processed by: Helicon Filter;
@戲院誌Talk Cinema

So, usually I will use the cinema app in my phone and help them to order the tickets if I know which film they are going to watch. My mother always hate me help them to order the film tickets, because actually mother is quite enjoy the process of spend time to choose films with father, and watch those new films trailer while lining up, also the most important is she hate to order any things from internet.

 

Because of my parents, I usually prefer go to cinema alone and order the ticket from internet or my phone. I really don’t understand why my parents will like to go to a cinema and buy the tickets. With the cinema app I can check any cinema time board on my phone, so sometimes I will plan a whole day cinema trip and watch 3-4 films in one day, watch film 1 in A cinema at morning, than watch film 2 in B cinema at noon, after that watch film 3 in A cinema again at night, finally watch film 4 in C cinema at midnight. I really enjoy watch films in cinema, although nowadays the online steaming service is everywhere in internet, but watching films in cinema can provide better quality experience, no matter the video quality and music quality. Especially in recent year, cinema have updated their technology like RealD 3D, IMAX and better audio system, with those technology the film watching experience have been sublimated.

I know cinema industry is keep go down in past 10 years, because of those online steaming service become popular in these days. Few month ago, a Japanese animation film “Godzilla: Planet of the Monsters” was released in Netflix 2 months before its release in Hong Kong cinema, watching films in cinema was always equal to watch the latest movie, but now the trend seem started to change, I hope cinema industry can keep remaining in the future, so maybe it’s time for cinema industry to change their business model.